Module Catalogues, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University   
Module Code: CEN102
Module Title: Fluid Mechanics
Module Level: Level 1
Module Credits: 5.00
Academic Year: 2020/21
Semester: SEM2
Originating Department: Department of Civil Engineering
Pre-requisites: MTH007ORMTH023ORMTH008ANDMTH013MTH015
This module aims to introduce the fundamental principles of fluid mechanics and to lay a solid foundation for subsequent work involving civil engineering hydraulics and water engineering.
Learning outcomes 
A. Understand the nature of fluids, units and dimensions associated with Fluid Mechanics problems.

B. Understand the scientific principles of hydrostatics in terms of pressure distribution, action of forces to submerged bodies and stability of floating bodies

C. Understand the fundamental hydrodynamic equations (continuity equation, Bernoulli’s equation, momentum equation) and apply them to simple flow-measuring devices.

D. Understand fundamental concepts, terms and measuring devices related to open channel flow

E. Demonstrate compliance with the health and safety procedures associated with laboratory work
Method of teaching and learning 
The material in this module is delivered through a combination of formal lectures, tutorials and supervised practical sessions. General transferable skills are developed through the presentation of written and oral reports.
1) Definitions of a fluid: Density, specific weight, specific volume & specific gravity, compressible and incompressible fluids, equations of state, compressibility of gases, viscosity, surface tension;

2) Similitude & Dimensional Analysis: Geometric similarity, kinematic similarity, dynamic similarity, Reynolds number, Froude number, Mach number, Rayleigh method, Buckingham’s Pi theorem;

3) Fluid statics: Units of pressure, absolute and gauge pressure, characteristics of pressure, variation of pressure vertically in a fluid under gravity, piezometric tube manometer, U-tube manometer, inclined manometer, buoyancy, stability of floating bodies, metacentric height, hydrostatic force on a plane surface;

4) Description of the motion of fluids: Pathlines, streamlines & streaklines, steady and unsteady flow, laminar and turbulent flow, continuity equation, Bernoulli’s equation, coefficient of contraction, coefficient of velocity, coefficient of discharge, venturi meter, orifice plate flowmeter, pitot-tube, draining liquid from a tank, cavitation;

5) Momentum equation: Impulse-momentum principle, correction factor, nozzle, stationary vanes or blades, impact of a fluid jet, force on an elbow;

6) Open channel flow: Energy and hydraulic grade lines, classification of flows, laminar and turbulent flows, subcritical, supercritical, and critical flows, open channel flow terminology, velocity distribution, steady flow in open channels, weirs, specific energy, critical depth, constant width channel with bottom step, horizontal, Variable-width Channel, broad-crested weirs, throated flumes, hydraulic jump;

7) Experimental Work: 1) Bernoulli’s Equation; 2) Momentum Law; 3) Orifice and Nozzle Flows; 4) Open channel Flow;

Delivery Hours  
Lectures Seminars Tutorials Lab/Prcaticals Fieldwork / Placement Other(Private study) Total
Hours/Semester 39     13  13    85  150 


Sequence Method % of Final Mark
1 Examination 70.00
2 Lab Report 1 15.00
3 Lab Report 2 15.00

Module Catalogue generated from SITS CUT-OFF: 9/19/2020 11:16:53 PM